This handout provides suggestions for writing papers or reactions that request you to evaluate a text through the lens of a vital or theoretical source that is secondary.
Generally speaking, the lens should expose one thing concerning the initial or “target” text that could never be otherwise obvious. Instead, your analysis might phone the legitimacy regarding the arguments associated with the lens piece into concern, expand the arguments for the lens text, or provoke several other reevaluation regarding the two texts. In either case, you will end up generating a“dialogue that is critical texts.”
Reading the Texts
As you will fundamentally would you like to hone in on points of commonality and discord between your two texts, your order and way by which you read them is a must.
First, read the lens text to recognize the author’s core arguments and language. Since theoretical or critical texts are usually thick and complex, it could be beneficial to develop an overview of this author’s points that are primary. According the to Brandeis Writing Program Handbook, a valuable lens essay will “grapple with main tips” of this lens text, versus coping with remote quotes which will or might not be indicative associated with the author’s argument all together. As a result, it is crucial to ensure that you certainly comprehend and certainly will articulate the author’s points that are main continuing to your target text.
Then, quickly browse the target text to produce a basic concept of its content. Then, think about: Where do I see basic points of contract or disagreement between your two texts? Which associated with the lens text’s primary arguments could be employed to your target text? It might be better to concentrate on 1 or 2 for the lens text’s central arguments.
With one of these tips in your mind, return back and browse the target text very carefully, through the theoretical lens, thinking about listed here concerns: do you know the primary aspects of the lens text and exactly what are their complementary components into the target text? How do I apply the lens author’s write my paper net vocabulary that is theoretical logic to circumstances into the target text? Are there any instances in which the lens text’s arguments don’t or can’t apply? Exactly why is this? It really is useful to keep a careful, written record of page figures, quotes, as well as your ideas and responses while you read.
Because this types of paper relates to a complex synthesis of numerous sources, it really is specially essential to own a definite course of action before you start composing. It might help to cluster quotes or occasions by material, by theme, or by if they support, contradict, or perhaps change the arguments into the lens text. Hopefully, typical themes, a few ideas, and arguments will start to emerge and you may begin drafting!
Composing the Introduction and Thesis
As the paper involves the complex interactions between numerous texts, it is essential to explain what you will really be doing the introduction. Remember to plainly introduce the lens text and its particular certain arguments you are going to be using or assessing. Then introduce the target text and its particular themes that are specific activities you will end up handling in your analysis.
These introductions of texts and themes should lead into some type or form of thesis declaration. Though there are not any set guidelines or conventions for just what this thesis should appear to be, be sure it states the points of discussion you’ll be talking about, and describes exactly what your critical or analysis that is theoretical of target text reveals concerning the texts.
Composing your body
Your body is when you use certain arguments through the lens text to quotes that are specific instances within the target text. In each full situation, remember to talk about just just just what the lens text reveals in regards to the target text (or vice versa). Utilize the lens text’s language and framework that is logical examine the prospective text, but remember to be clear about where some ideas into the paper are arriving from (the lens text, the prospective text, your personal interpretation etc.) and so the reader does not be confused.
By participating in this sort of analysis, you may be “entering a conversation that is academic and inserting your personal tips. As this really is obviously easier in theory, Gerald Graff and Cathy Birkenstein’s notion of “Templates” may show of good use. Within their guide, they do say, I Say, the authors set down numerous templates to assist authors participate in unknown kinds of critical educational discourse. They encourage pupils to make use of the templates in almost any ability they find helpful, be it filling them in verbatim, modifying and extending them, or using them being an entry that is analytical, then discarding them entirely.
Right right Here we modify their template that is basic say ________. I say ________.), to produce lens templates that are essay-specific help you to get started:
The writer associated with the lens text lays down a framework that is helpful understanding cases of ________ in the mark text. Indeed, within the target text, one sees that is______, which may be looked at a good example of ________ by the lens author’s meaning. Consequently, we come across a place of commonality _____ that is concerning__. This similarity reveals ________.
Based on the lens text _______ tends to take place in situations where _______. By the lens author’s meaning, ________ in the mark text could possibly be considered a case of _______. Nevertheless, this parallel is imperfect because _______. As a result, we become aware of ________.
One sees that is______ in the prospective text, which calls the lens author’s argument that ________ into question because ________.
In the event that writer of the lens text is correct that ________, one could be prepared to see ________ in the goal text. Nonetheless, ________ really occurs, revealing a crucial point of disagreement. This discord shows that ________. This problem is crucial because ________.
Wrapping Things up and Drawing Conclusions
The texts address by this point in your essay, you should be drawing conclusions regarding what your lens analysis reveals about the texts in questions, or the broader issues. Be sure to explain why these discoveries are very important when it comes to control by which you’re composing. Put differently, that which was the point of performing your analysis into the place that is first? Delighted lens writing!
Brandeis UWS Writing Handbook, 70.
Birkenstein, Cathy and Gerald Graff, they do say, I state. (Nyc: W. W. Norton & Company, 2007), 2-3.